Papers

Energy: A Shaping Factor for Regional Stability in the Eastern Mediterranean

Since 2010 the Eastern Mediterranean region has become a hotspot of international energy discussions due to a series of gas discoveries in the offshore of Israel, Cyprus and Egypt. To exploit this gas potential, a number of export options have progressively been discussed, alongside new regional cooperation scenarios. Hopes have also been expressed about the […]

Papers

Euro-Mediterranean Gas Cooperation: Roles and Perceptions of Domestic Stakeholders and the European Commission

The EU external energy policy has triggered heated debate among policymakers, regulators, academia and industrial stakeholders over recent decades. The gas sector has been of less interest to all these parties, because of its inertia and relative backwardness, compared to the electricity and renewable energy industries. However, since the Russia-Ukraine gas disputes, matters related to […]

Papers

Morocco’s Green Energy Opportunity

Using Morocco’s strategic assets – its strategic geographic location at the interception of Europe, North and West Africa and the Middle East; its political stability and its long-lasting well-established relations with neighbouring Europe; its domestic market size, which is one of Africa’s largest markets for energy; and its abundance in its still under-utilised renewable energy […]

Papers

Education and Entrepreneurship to Address Youth Unemployment in MENA Region

In MENA region, there are more than 100 million youth aged 15 to 29, representing 30 percent of the total population. This huge demographic dividend offers an opportunity to achieve a significant leap forward in development if the youth potential and capacity for innovation can be fully recognized and channeled towards the productive sectors of […]

Papers

Improving Women’s Economic Participation in MENA Nations

The female labor force participation rate in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) is the lowest in the world and has seen little improvement in the past four decades, despite evidence that equal access to jobs boosts GDP, contributes to long-term growth, and targets income inequality. As it stands now, MENA countries won’t reach […]

Papers

Labour Market Transitions of Young Women and Men in the Middle East And North Africa

The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region is in the grip of an unemployment crisis that is mainly affecting its countries’ youth populations. The region’s unemployment rates among the youth cohort are twice as high as the global average and are particularly high among those with tertiary education. High unemployment rates are accompanied by […]

Papers

Youth Employment and Regional Integration in the Euro-Mediterranean Region

The domestic labour markets fail to create sufficient employment opportunities,  particularly for youngsters, women and among those graduates, in a context of reference trends of population growth, shedding light on the causes and consequences of persistently high unemployment rates. The causes of this failure include skill mismatches, rigid regulations and the limit of deregulation, the […]

Papers

Equality and the Economy: Why the Arab World Should Employ More Women

One of the major drivers of the popular uprisings that swept through the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region in 2011 was widespread economic stagnation and frustration. Five years later, economies throughout the region continue to struggle, even in relatively peaceful states. Governments are under pressure and are resorting in some cases to unprecedented […]

Papers

The Future of Jobs and Skills in the Middle East and North Africa

Education and work in the Middle East and North Africa region will determine the livelihoods of over 300 million people and drive growth and development for generations to come. As one of the youngest populations in the world, it is imperative that the region make adequate investments in education and learning that hold value in […]

Papers

Europe’s Role in North Africa: Development, Investment and Migration

North African countries are among the continent’s more developed economies. Their geographical positions make them natural partners for the EU. The region is diverse but political instability has been a common feature that in recent years has hindered economic development. Cyclical factors and deep-rooted structural weaknesses have also contributed to weak economic performance. Conditions for […]

Papers

The European Union and Its Southern Neighborhood

The Arab Spring of 2011 was a major shock for the European Union and all the Member States. The way these revolutions broke out across several countries in the Middle East confirmed how generations of young and old in the region could no longer tolerate the authoritarian regimes under which they had no choice but […]

Papers

Europe in North Africa: Fighting Short-Termism

Europe and North Africa are bound in a strategic relationship. The stability, security and prosperity of both regions are inextricably linked. European countries – both individually and collectively (inside and outside the framework of the European Union) – have to develop a more strategic approach to their southern neighbourhood in order to overcome the current […]

Papers

Toward a Recalibration of EU-North Africa Relations

As European leaders grapple with a wide array of domestic, regional, and international challenges, it may seem easier to revert to the pre-2011 mode of EU-North Africa relations, when they embraced and supported autocrats. To do so would be a grave mistake. Clearly, there is an urgent need to recalibrate EU-North Africa relations, where cooperation […]

Papers

What Do the People (Still) Want? Conceptions of Democracy

EU policy towards its Southern Neighbourhood is focused on ensuring the security of its member states and is underpinned by an assumption of a shared interest in democracy, security and prosperity through market liberalisation and trade. It sees the main way of achieving its aim as promoting Western-style liberal democracy which it sees as the […]

Papers