Papers

In Search of a Trump Administration Middle East Policy

Trump Middle East policy suggests there is as yet no distinctive or clearly discernible overall approach by the new administration. Some of the key building blocks for an innovative and integrated approach are in place, but the policy mix has not yet gelled into anything coherent, internally consistent, sustainable, or, most importantly, predictable. The Trump […]

Papers

Why Trump Won’t Find Salvation in the Middle East

The Middle East is littered with the remains of schemes and dreams of great powers who wrongly believed they could impose their will on small tribes. Perhaps Trump will succeed and cut some “deal” as several of his predecessors managed to do. But Trump may well find that Israel and the Sunni Arabs are not […]

Papers

The New US Administration and Libya

It remains unclear what the policy of President Donald Trump’s administration will be towards Libya. In his rhetoric during the campaign and leading up to his inauguration, Trump expressed a non-interventionist foreign policy in line with his “America first” vision that advocates disengagement from overseas conflicts that do not directly involve US national security interests. […]

Papers

Trump, Europe and the Middle East Peace Process. A Path Out of the Quicksand

The Middle East peace process (MEPP) is frozen. The last round of negotiations between Israelis and Palestinians, engineered by then US President Barack Obama and his secretary of state, John Kerry, collapsed in April 2014, and war in Gaza erupted shortly afterwards. Since then, relations between the two parties have deteriorated steadily, and prospects for […]

Papers

President Trump’s Evolving Approach to the US Position on the Gulf Crisis

The US president’s position towards the Gulf Crisis continues to fluctuate. Yet, it is possible to assume that the official consensus within the US administration is that the crisis must be solved and the blockade lifted as soon as possible.The continuation of the Gulf crisis threatens to dismantle the most important US allied bloc in […]

Papers

The United States and Turkey. Friends, Enemies, or Only Interests

Turkey has been one of the United States’ most dependable and substantial allies for more than seven decades. It served as a bulwark against the Soviet Union during the Cold War. In the 1990s, it played a key role in containing Iran and Iraq as well as supporting the stabilization of the Balkans and the […]

Papers

The Impact of the Iran Nuclear Agreement

Iran has dismantled much of its nuclear program and given international inspectors extensive access to sensitive sites under an agreement known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA). Under its terms, the United States, European Union, and United Nations have lifted sanctions that had crippled the Iranian economy, but more than a year after […]

Papers

Why Iran Represents an Opportunity for Europe

Expanding bilateral relations in the face of US resistance will demand courage and farsightedness from the EU. Europe demonstrated both these qualities when it began nuclear talks with Iran in 2003. If the EU and its member states build on their diplomatic successes, they could make crucial progress towards another goal: unshackling themselves from the […]

Papers

Post-Vote Iran: Giving Engagement a Chance

2017 is a crucial year for Iran. In January, while the “Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action” (JCPOA) entered the second year of implementation, in Washington the Trump Administration took office, with the promise to “renegotiate a disastrous deal”. In May, in Tehran, the incumbent president Hassan Rouhani won re-election by a wide margin. The events […]

Papers

Rebutting the Critics of the Iran Nuclear Deal

One of the major arguments used by opponents of the deal is that Iran has continued to test ballistic missiles. The US views those missile tests as provocative, and while technically not a breach of JCPOA, they come in defiance of UN Security Council Resolution 2231 which “calls upon Iran not to undertake any activity […]

Papers

Energy: A Shaping Factor for Regional Stability in the Eastern Mediterranean

Since 2010 the Eastern Mediterranean region has become a hotspot of international energy discussions due to a series of gas discoveries in the offshore of Israel, Cyprus and Egypt. To exploit this gas potential, a number of export options have progressively been discussed, alongside new regional cooperation scenarios. Hopes have also been expressed about the […]

Papers

Euro-Mediterranean Gas Cooperation: Roles and Perceptions of Domestic Stakeholders and the European Commission

The EU external energy policy has triggered heated debate among policymakers, regulators, academia and industrial stakeholders over recent decades. The gas sector has been of less interest to all these parties, because of its inertia and relative backwardness, compared to the electricity and renewable energy industries. However, since the Russia-Ukraine gas disputes, matters related to […]

Papers

Morocco’s Green Energy Opportunity

Using Morocco’s strategic assets – its strategic geographic location at the interception of Europe, North and West Africa and the Middle East; its political stability and its long-lasting well-established relations with neighbouring Europe; its domestic market size, which is one of Africa’s largest markets for energy; and its abundance in its still under-utilised renewable energy […]

Papers